US Invasion to Panama. Part 2-Operation Just Cause

There are 5 destinations from the United States when attacking Panama: protecting the lives of US citizens and key facilities in Panama, capturing Noriega for trial, paralyzing the forces of Panama’s national army and its command branches, supporting the establishment of a pro-US government in Panama, re-structure of the Panama army. The US offensive to Panama itself was originally given the code name “Operation Blue Spoon” (Operation Blue Spoon), but its name was later changed in the final moments by the US president & Pentagon headquarters to “Operation Just Cause”.

american army in Panama during invasion (image from

The US military invasion of Panama began on December 20, 1989. Initially, US forces carried out a massive bombing on the mainland of Panama. The air strikes are then followed by parachute infantry parachutes to Panama City – the capital of Panama – and surrounding towns. At about the same time, US ground troops were also landed on the northern side of the Panama Canal. In just a short time, the north of Terusan was successfully secured & US troops deployed from the Atlantic began to move west of Panama – to the capital of Panama.

Although US troops on the battlefield look too tough for the Panamanian troops, it does not mean US troops have no trouble at all. Their biggest difficulty is mainly when fighting in densely populated areas. For example, when US troops had to demolish walls and various other roadblocks to open the road, they had to use less effective and dangerous techniques such as gunfire, grenades, and even anti-tank rockets. Not only that, US troops also had involved a shootout with fellow colleagues themselves because of miscommunication & misidentify the troops inside the building.

The US invasion of Panama itself is not without controversy. Many countries have condemned the US invasion of Panama for deeming it a violation of a country’s sovereignty. In the session of the UN General Assembly in 1989 for example, about 75 countries agreed that the US action was a violation of international law. A resolution was made by the United Nations to stop the US action, but the resolution failed to take place after the US and France & Britain vetoed the resolution. In addition to the United Nations, the Organization of American States (OAS) whose members consist of countries in the Americas also opposed the US invasion.

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