The Tamil Tigers or the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (Tamil Ila Vitulalaip Pulikat) are a rebel group from Sri Lanka who aspire to establish Tamil Eelam, a dream country in the northern & eastern region of Sri Lanka whose population is purely of Tamil origin. In English-speaking worldwide media, this group is otherwise called as Tamil Tigers or Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). The Tamil Tigers are famously popular for their involvement in armed conflict with the Sri Lankan government since 1976 before finally claiming to be defeated and surrender in 2009.
The Tamil Tigers are legendary all through the world not only because they have survived for considerable length of time when they were involved in armed conflict with Sri Lankan government forces, but also because of their complex organizational structure and military strength and quality. As an armed group that does not represent any sovereign state, the Tamil Tiger is likely the only rebel group in the world that has its own naval and air force.
The Sea Tigers (Tamil: Kaţaṛpulikaḷ) was the maritime wing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam during the Sri Lankan Civil War. It was established in 1984. The Sea Tigers had a number of small but effective suicide bomber vessels.
The Air Tigers was the air-wing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), who utilized it against the Government of Sri Lanka. Despite the existence of the Air Tigers has been the subject of speculation for many years, during the Eight War War. Their true existence proved when they launched an airstrike to Sri Lankan airbase on March 2007 which killed 3 soldiers and injured at least another 16 peoples.
The Tamil Tigers are also known to be the first modern rebel group in the world to popularize suicide bombing tactics through one of its military divisions, the Black Tigers. This suicide bombing tactic is believed to inspire terrorists and rebels in the world to perform similar acts