US Invasion to Panama. Part 2-Operation Just Cause

There are 5 destinations from the United States when attacking Panama: protecting the lives of US citizens and key facilities in Panama, capturing Noriega for trial, paralyzing the forces of Panama’s national army and its command branches, supporting the establishment of a pro-US government in Panama, re-structure of the Panama army. The US offensive to Panama itself was originally given the code name “Operation Blue Spoon” (Operation Blue Spoon), but its name was later changed in the final moments by the US president & Pentagon headquarters to “Operation Just Cause”. Continue reading “US Invasion to Panama. Part 2-Operation Just Cause”

US Invasion to Panama. Part 1-Background

Panama, It is the name of a small country in Central America bordering Costa Rica to the west & Colombia to the east. Although only small in size, Panama is very famous in the world because of the canal (channel) that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean in the country. Although on one side of the channel helped boost the economy & popularity of Panama, on the other side of the canal also made the country had fallen into various turbulences.

Of the many upheavals that occurred as a result of the dispute over the Panama Canal, one of the most famous was when Panama was attacked by US forces in 1989 – 1990. The raid has also been touted as the largest deployment of US troops to other countries since the War Vietnam that ended in 1975. As a result of the military attack, thousands of Panamanians had lost their lives and the country also had a free fall into the social crisis for several years afterward. Continue reading “US Invasion to Panama. Part 1-Background”

Boko Haram. Part 2-Terror Activity

Although it has been established since 2002, Boko Haram just committed armed violence in 2009. In that year, members of Boko Haram armed with firearms & poisoned arrows attacked police stations & government buildings in Maiduguri, Borno state, Northeastern Nigeria. The Nigerian apparatus responded to the attack by attacking Boko Haram’s headquarters, which led to the death of Mohammed Yusuf. After the death of Joseph, the Nigerian government announced that Boko Haram was gone, but time proved that it was just the beginning. Continue reading “Boko Haram. Part 2-Terror Activity”

Boko Haram. Part 1-Background

Nigeria is one of the most prosperous West African countries thanks to its abundant oil reserves. However, the country also has an extremely unstable internal condition as a result of the widening social gap & the diverse ethnicities and believers inhabiting Nigeria. In terms of religion for example, Nigeria can be divided into 2 zones: the northern zone of which the majority of Muslims & southern zones are predominantly Christian and animist. While in terms of prosperity & infrastructure development, the southern region is more developed than the northern region. Continue reading “Boko Haram. Part 1-Background”

Tigers of Tamil, Part-6 The End of The Tigers

Entering 2001 after the development of an announcement from the United States pledged to help the Sri Lankan government control the Tamil Tigers as part of the War on Terror program, the Tamil Tigers insisted on fighting for an “independent Tamil state” began to soften & offer autonomy region as an alternative solution to end the conflict. The outcome was in 2002, both sides agreed to stop taking up arms & several times involved in negotiations. But unfortunately, the negotiations are stalled & armed conflict erupted again in late 2005. A new crisis leading to the first large-scale fighting since signing of the ceasefire occurred when the LTTE closed the sluice gates of the Mavil Oya (Mavil Aru) reservoir on 21 July 2006, and cut the water supply to 15,000 villages in government controlled areas. This dispute developed into a full-scale war by August 2006. Continue reading “Tigers of Tamil, Part-6 The End of The Tigers”

Tigers of Tamil, Part-5 The Civil War

The affection amongst India and the Tamil Tigers did not last long following the suspicion of the Tamil Tiger camp that India was actually helping Tamil rebels for having their own secret agenda. In 1986 Tamil Tigers also decided to separate themselves from ENLF & began to engage in armed contact with other Tamil rebel groups. The conflict between the rebels was won by the Tamil Tigers & members of the defeated Tamil rebel group joined into the Tamil Tigers. Continue reading “Tigers of Tamil, Part-5 The Civil War”

Tigers of Tamil, Part-4 Black July and Sri Lankan Civil War

Indian intervention proved to make the Tamil rebel groups in Sri Lanka more effective and dangerous in carrying out attacks. One example was when in 1983 Tamil Tigers attacked the Four Four Bravo patrol post in Jaffna, northern Sri Lanka, where the attack reportedly killed 13 Sri Lankan soldiers. A year later alias in November 1984, the Tamil Tiger personnel massacred 62 villagers of Dollar Farm & Kent Farm, including children in it. A month later, Tamil Tiger personnel also killed 30 Tamils ​​as they refused to be asked to become new members of the Tigers. Continue reading “Tigers of Tamil, Part-4 Black July and Sri Lankan Civil War”

Tigers of Tamil, Part-3 Enemy to The Country, Allied to The Neighbors

From the first establishment, the Tigers applied strict rules to their members. They are prohibited from consuming alcohol, smoking, having a mate, and communicating with members of their family. It has been expressed that Prabhakaran sought to “refashion the old TNT / new LTTE into an elite, ruthlessly efficient, and highly professional fighting force.” Prabhakaran kept the quantities of the group small and maintained an exclusive and high standard of training Continue reading “Tigers of Tamil, Part-3 Enemy to The Country, Allied to The Neighbors”

Tigers of Tamil, Part-2 Background

Judging from its ethnic composition, the Sri Lankan population consists of two main groups: the majority Sinhalese who are mostly Buddhists and ethnic Tamil minorities who are predominantly Hindus. The seeds of conflict between the two ethnic groups in the modern era began to emerge after the British as Sri Lankan ruler since the 19th century intends to establish a local parliament whose members are determined on the basis of ethnic composition. Continue reading “Tigers of Tamil, Part-2 Background”