Tigers of Tamil, Part-6 The End of The Tigers

Entering 2001 after the development of an announcement from the United States pledged to help the Sri Lankan government control the Tamil Tigers as part of the War on Terror program, the Tamil Tigers insisted on fighting for an “independent Tamil state” began to soften & offer autonomy region as an alternative solution to end the conflict. The outcome was in 2002, both sides agreed to stop taking up arms & several times involved in negotiations. But unfortunately, the negotiations are stalled & armed conflict erupted again in late 2005. A new crisis leading to the first large-scale fighting since signing of the ceasefire occurred when the LTTE closed the sluice gates of the Mavil Oya (Mavil Aru) reservoir on 21 July 2006, and cut the water supply to 15,000 villages in government controlled areas. This dispute developed into a full-scale war by August 2006. Continue reading “Tigers of Tamil, Part-6 The End of The Tigers”

Tigers of Tamil, Part-5 The Civil War

The affection amongst India and the Tamil Tigers did not last long following the suspicion of the Tamil Tiger camp that India was actually helping Tamil rebels for having their own secret agenda. In 1986 Tamil Tigers also decided to separate themselves from ENLF & began to engage in armed contact with other Tamil rebel groups. The conflict between the rebels was won by the Tamil Tigers & members of the defeated Tamil rebel group joined into the Tamil Tigers. Continue reading “Tigers of Tamil, Part-5 The Civil War”

Tigers of Tamil, Part-4 Black July and Sri Lankan Civil War

Indian intervention proved to make the Tamil rebel groups in Sri Lanka more effective and dangerous in carrying out attacks. One example was when in 1983 Tamil Tigers attacked the Four Four Bravo patrol post in Jaffna, northern Sri Lanka, where the attack reportedly killed 13 Sri Lankan soldiers. A year later alias in November 1984, the Tamil Tiger personnel massacred 62 villagers of Dollar Farm & Kent Farm, including children in it. A month later, Tamil Tiger personnel also killed 30 Tamils ​​as they refused to be asked to become new members of the Tigers. Continue reading “Tigers of Tamil, Part-4 Black July and Sri Lankan Civil War”

Tigers of Tamil, Part-3 Enemy to The Country, Allied to The Neighbors

From the first establishment, the Tigers applied strict rules to their members. They are prohibited from consuming alcohol, smoking, having a mate, and communicating with members of their family. It has been expressed that Prabhakaran sought to “refashion the old TNT / new LTTE into an elite, ruthlessly efficient, and highly professional fighting force.” Prabhakaran kept the quantities of the group small and maintained an exclusive and high standard of training Continue reading “Tigers of Tamil, Part-3 Enemy to The Country, Allied to The Neighbors”

Tigers of Tamil, Part-2 Background

Judging from its ethnic composition, the Sri Lankan population consists of two main groups: the majority Sinhalese who are mostly Buddhists and ethnic Tamil minorities who are predominantly Hindus. The seeds of conflict between the two ethnic groups in the modern era began to emerge after the British as Sri Lankan ruler since the 19th century intends to establish a local parliament whose members are determined on the basis of ethnic composition. Continue reading “Tigers of Tamil, Part-2 Background”

Tigers of Tamil, Part-1 Introduction

The Tamil Tigers or the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (Tamil Ila Vitulalaip Pulikat) are a rebel group from Sri Lanka who aspire to establish Tamil Eelam, a dream country in the northern & eastern region of Sri Lanka whose population is purely of Tamil origin. In English-speaking worldwide media, this group is otherwise called as Tamil Tigers or Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). The Tamil Tigers are famously popular for their involvement in armed conflict with the Sri Lankan government since 1976 before finally claiming to be defeated and surrender in 2009. Continue reading “Tigers of Tamil, Part-1 Introduction”

Indonesia-Malaysia Confront, Part-1 Background


In 1961, Borneo was divided into four administrations. Kalimantan, a province of Indonesia, is located in the south of Borneo. To the north is the Kingdom of Brunei and two British colonies; Sarawak and Britain North Borneo, later called Sabah. As part of its withdrawal from its Southeast Asian colonies, Britain tried to combine its colonies in Borneo with the Malay Peninsula to form Malaysia. Continue reading “Indonesia-Malaysia Confront, Part-1 Background”

The History of Borobudur, Largest Buddha Temple in The World. Part-3 Bring Back The World Legacy

Part 3. Bring Back the World Legacy.

Amid World War II and Indonesian National Revolution in 1945 to 1949, Borobudur rebuilding endeavours were stopped. The landmark experienced further the climate and seepage issues, which caused the earth centre inside the sanctuary to grow, pushing the stone structure and tilting the dividers. By 1950s a few sections of Borobudur were confronting fast approaching peril of crumbling. In 1965, Indonesia approached the UNESCO for exhortation on approaches to balance the issue of weathering at Borobudur and different landmarks. In 1968 Professor Soekmono, at that point leader of the Archeological Service of Indonesia, propelled his “Spare Borobudur” battle, with an end goal to arrange a huge reclamation project. Continue reading “The History of Borobudur, Largest Buddha Temple in The World. Part-3 Bring Back The World Legacy”

The History of Borobudur, Largest Buddha Temple in The World. Part 2-Netherlands Era

Part 2. The Borobudur, Netherlands Era

We will not find a lot of literature about the Borobudur during the Era of Netherland colonialism. The fact that Borobudur is “just” historical site did not lure bot colonials and locals. They of course prefer to discover something that can quickly give benefit, such as low paid workers, tax, and natural resources.

Even tough during this reign, there are some of important development about Borobudur. In 1835, one of Dutch administrator, Hartmann, continued the work at Borobudur, when he finished unearthed the whole complex. Not a lot of documentation as the work was based on the personal interest. In 1842, a wooden deck had been installed above the top of the main stupa, some called it was a teahouse for the blue blood colonial. Continue reading “The History of Borobudur, Largest Buddha Temple in The World. Part 2-Netherlands Era”