2016 Turkish Coup d’état Attempt, Short History 5W 1H Version

WHAT

2016 Turkish coup d’état was an attempt to seize control and takeover by part of a military faction. The attempt was failed and Turkey President Recep Tayyip Erdogan standing still as the Turkey President. Later on followed the failed attempt, around 40,000 peoples detained, including at least 10,000 soldiers and, for reasons that remain unclear, 2,745 judges, 15,000 education staff were also suspended and the licenses of 21,000 teachers working at private institutions were revoked as well after the government alleged they were loyal to Gülen. More than 100,000 people have been arrested or fired from their jobs, on accusations of connections to Gülen.

people gathered around the military tank during coup

WHEN

The attempt happened in very short time, started on 15 July 2016, as reported just before midnight, 23:00 EEST (UTC+3), military jets were witnessed flying over Ankara, and both the Fatih Sultan Mehmet and Bosphorus bridges in Istanbul were closed.

Turkish Prime Minister Binali Yıldırım said military action was being “taken outside the chain of command” and it was an “illegal attempt” to seize power by “part of the military”

Local media also reported tanks in Istanbul’s Atatürk Airport. It was reported that Internet users within Turkey were blocked from accessing Twitter, Facebook, and YouTube.

In the early morning of 16 July 2016, The president made a speech to all of his supporters who gathered around. At almost the same time, many soldiers and army surrender to the local police and even to the civilians. The attempt was over and failed in just less than one day. The government started to take action and captured the coup leader and people related to.

 

WHERE

The coup attempt happened mainly in Istanbul, Ankara, Marmaris and Malatya. Istanbul and Ankara were the main targets as many of government key places found in this area including Turkish parliament, presidential palace, and the airport. While Marmaris was the place where President Recep Tayyip Erdogan spent his holiday during the coup attempt. The Hotel where he was stayed on, also get bombed by the helicopter, fortunately he left the hotel just before the bombed.

Erdogan says hello to his loyalist

WHO

The coup attempt called themselves Peace at Home Council. During the coup attempt, soldiers forced anchor Tijen Karaş to read out a statement through The Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (TRT), in Ankara, saying that “the democratic and secular rule of law has been eroded by the current government” and that Turkey was now led by the Peace at Home Council who would “ensure the safety of the population.”

first conference in Istanbul Airport

WHY

At least we understand that there are four different backgrounds that lead to the coup, which are Kemalism, AKP–Gülen alliance and “Ergenekon”, Role of Corruption and Immunity Bill.

 

HOW

There are several big events during the attempt, we can break it down to:

1. Pro-coup soldiers take military leadership hostage, briefly seizing control over parts of the Turkish Armed Forces

2. Turkish Parliament and Presidential Palace bombed

3. Shootouts between the loyal elements (of police and armed forces) and pro-coup soldiers occupying Ankara and Istanbul streets

4. Assassination attempt against the President of Turkey failed

5. The president speech in Istanbul airport, coup attempt failed.

6. Turkish Air Force declares no-fly zone over Ankara downing unauthorized military aircraft presumed rogue

7. Three-month state of emergency announced by President Erdoğan, later extended and still in place.

8. Start of purges, after the failed coup.

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